Library of Congress 2000 Bimetallic $10 Coin
CELEBRATING 200 YEARS OF AMERICAN ACHIEVEMENT
Located across the street from the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. stands one of the world’s greatest tributes to human knowledge: the Library of Congress. Started in 1800 by a congressional act and with $5,000 to purchase books for the use of Congress, the Library of Congress, “America’s Library,” celebrated its bicentennial on April 24, 2000.
The unparalleled collections of the Library of Congress comprise the world’s most comprehensive record of human creativity. Its three massive structures, the Jefferson, Adams, and Madison Buildings, contain 119 million items, including sound recordings, films, manuscripts, photographs, musical scores, 18 million books, and much more.
President Thomas Jefferson played a pivotal role in the Library’s development. An avid learner and lifelong collector of books, he sold his personal library of 6,487 books to Congress for $23,950 after the British burned the new Capitol and Library in 1814. With that purchase, the Library of Congress began collecting according to Jefferson’s belief that there was “no subject to which a Member of Congress may not have occasion to refer.”
Today, the Library of Congress has far outgrown its early role as the library for America’s legislature. As “America’s Library,” the Library of Congress is the largest library of our nation and the world, with an extraordinary collection of materials in many formats and more than 460 languages. Every year, millions of Americans use its 21 reading rooms or access its American Memory Web site of unique manuscripts, photographs, films, sound recordings, maps, and more. Millions more tour its magnificently restored 1897 Thomas Jefferson Building during their visit to Washington and take advantage of the opportunity to see the Library’s treasures featured in exhibitions located near the Great Hall.
The United States Mint produced The Library of Congress Commemorative Coin Program to honor the Library of Congress Bicentennial.
Both the bimetallic and silver commemorative coins are a spectacular first for the new century and the millennium – the first commemorative coins honoring a library, and the ten-dollar coin is the first gold and platinum bimetallic coin struck by the United States Mint.
A portion of the proceeds from the sale of each coin was authorized to be donated to the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board to help support educational programs, and other activities of the Library of Congress.
These coins were designed by two sculptors/engravers of the U.S. Mint. Thomas D. Rogers, Jr., designed the obverse of the silver dollar and the reverse of the bimetallic coin. John Mercanti designed the silver reverse and bimetallic obverse. The designs of the coins are emblematic of the Library of Congress.
The bimetallic coin design was inspired by the graceful architecture of the Library’s Jefferson Building. The outer ring is stamped from a sheet of gold, then a solid core of platinum is placed within the ring. Then, the gold ring and platinum core are simultaneously stamped forming an annular bead where the two precious metals meet. The obverse depicts the hand of Minerva, the Goddess of Wisdom, raising the torch of learning aside the dome of the Thomas Jefferson Building. The coin’s reverse is marked with the Library of Congress seal encircled by a laurel wreath, symbolizing its national accomplishment.
Coin Information Provided Courtesy The United States Mint.